Soumya Shekhar

Soumya Shekhar

Soumya is an independent legal consultant with over 7 years of experience. An alumnus of National Law University, Delhi and National University of Singapore, she has worked with various Tier-1 Law firms and is an expert in employment law, contract drafting and legal research. She enjoys writing and has been actively contributing articles for LegalKart for more than a year.

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RERA Registration Process
Property

RERA Registration Process

The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act (hereafter referred to as “RERA”) came into force on 1 May 2016. The main idea behind this law was the regulation and promotion of the real estate sector. Now development projects in real estate need to register themselves under RERA. RERA provides credibility to real estate projects and protects customers against delays in handing over the projects. 

How to Register Projects under RERA?

The process of Application for Registration of Real Estate projects differs from state to state. The detailed procedure for each state is available on each state’s RERA website. The promoters and real estate agents have to apply for registration on the website, which is relevant for their state. For registration, you need to submit certain documents along with the application. These, too, differ from state to state. However, certain documents are common amongst most of the states. These are:

  • Promoter’s PAN Card;

  • Legal title deeds of the land. (See Section 4(2)(l)A);

  • Encumbrance Certificate (See Section 4(2)(l)B);

  • Commencement Certificate (See Section 4(2)(c));

  • The Sanction Plan, Layout Plan, location details of the project (See Section 4(2)(d));

  • The plan of development works; and

  • Details of previous project experience of the promoter, if any (See Section 4(2)(b)).

Some of these documents across different states (as mentioned on their websites) are as follows:

  • Name, type, and registered address of the enterprise;

  • Registration Certificate, Memorandum of Association (MoA), Articles of Association (AoA) and date of incorporation of the promoter’s enterprise;

  • Audited balance sheets of the last three financial years;

  • Audited report and director’s report of the last three years; and

  • Name, address, contact details, and photographs of the promoter/director/partners/chairman/ or any other authorized person.

What Are the Key Benefits?

Before RERA, the real estate industry was in shambles. Customers faced delays, there was no regulation, and there was widespread corruption and high-handedness of real estate agents and builders. We see the following key benefits after RERA came into the picture: 

  • Carpet Area: A statutory definition of carpet area dispels the doubts regarding its determination. Promoters decided on carpet areas before RERA came into being. 

  • Buyers can seek information regarding the projects (Section 19, Clauses 1 & 2): Buyers under RERA can seek information such as completion status, plan layout, stages of construction, etc.

  • Delaying projects led to consequences for the promoter: Under RERA, each promoter has to give a due date on which they will hand over the possession of the property to the buyer. If the promoter cannot complete the project by this date,he can face penal consequences. 

  • Liability of promoters:  If there is any structural defect or flaw in constructing a property, the allottee may bring up such an issue to the notice of the promoter and the promoter will be obligated to rectify such flaws within 30 days. If the promoter does not do the same, the allottee will need to be compensated for such structural defects.

  • Advance Payments up to 10%: Under RERA, the builders cannot demand advance payments that are more than 10% of the project's total value.

  • The buyers were given rights in case of false promises: If the allottee finds themselves in a position where the initial promises made by the promoter are not being kept, or there is a mismatch in the commitment between the parties, the allottee under this Act, has the right to withdraw from the project and get a full refund (sometimes with interest or compensation).

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Impact On Home Buyers

Homebuyers now have the following rights under RERA: 

  • Buyers need not pay for the walls area, as the definition of carpet area is now clear. 

  • Builders need to disclose information, establishing transparency between the buyers and builders.

  • Registration manifests the credibility of builders and real estate agents. 

  • RERA also prevents indefinite delays in project development and misappropriation of funds. 

  • Asking for refunds in case of uncompleted projects is also easier under RERA. 

Impact On Real Estate Agents

RERA has the following impact on real estate agents:

  • Real estate agents now have to mandatorily register themselves and also keep renewing this registration. 

  • If a real estate agent is not registered, he will have to pay penalties. 

  • Real estate agents will have to maintain accounts, books, records, etc. 

  • They should display their registration number at all times, especially in the advertisements they place. 

  • False advertisements will attract a penalty. 

Penalties

Various penalties under RERA are:

  • Section 60: We already know that a promoter has to register themselves under Section 4 of RERA. For furnishing false information, a penalty of up to 5% of the approximate cost of the real-estate project needs to be paid.

  • Section 61: Just like in the previous section, even if the promoter violates any other provision of RERA (i.e., other than Sections 3 & 4), the same amount of penalty can be levied against them.

  • Section 63:  For non-compliance with RERA authority order, a penalty upto 5% per day gets levied on the promoter. 

  • Section 64: For failure to comply with the order of the RERA tribunal, a promoter may also face imprisonment. 

  • Section 62: If the real-estate agent violates the provisions of Section 9 & 10, they will be required to pay ₹ 10,000 per day till such default continues.


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RERA Laws Across India

Till now, every state has notified the rules for their respective state authority under RERA. The only exception here is the state of Nagaland, which is under process to notify the rules.

Most states have launched their websites regarding the same. However, in this regard, some north-eastern states (such as Assam, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, and Sikkim) and Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, and NCT of Delhi are lagging.

West Bengal refused to implement RERA and enacted its legislation called, “Housing and Industrial Regulation Act, 2017,” challenged in the Supreme Court.

Several states have implemented a diluted form of RERA. This has increased difficulties for homebuyers in these states.

RERA is forward-looking legislation, and before buying a house, you should always check the RERA registration of the builder and the real estate agent. If you are in the real estate business, make sure to comply with the provisions of RERA.

Consulting a Lawyer is always useful for quick and authentic information about RERA Act

What is RERA Act
Property

What is RERA Act

Like all laws, RERA Act also has certain legalese in it. There are certain legal terms which are not easily understood by the common people. We try to simplify these legal terms for you and bring a ready explainer for the same.

Let us explore some of the real estate jargons in the RERA Act.

Carpet Area

RERA Act defines carpet area as the “net usable floor area of an apartment”. Carpet area excludes the area of external walls, lifts, balconies etc. Internal walls however fall under the definition of carpet area. Before RERA, the definition of carpet area was not legally given and hence, there was a lot of confusion regarding this. The builders often took advantage of this ambiguity. With a clear definition in place, homebuyers can now rest assured. 

Consulting a Lawyer is always useful for quick and authentic information about RERA Act.

Super Built-Up Area

Before we understand super built-up area, it is important to understand the meaning of built-up area. Built up area includes all areas of your flat (carpet area + balconies, walls etc.). Super built-up area includes built-up area plus your proportional share in the common areas of your building. For instance, if your building has common pathways, parks etc., these would also be included in the term super built-up area, in proportion to your share in them.

Typical common areas included in a super built-up area are: 

  • Staircases

  • Lobbies

  • Lifts

  • Club house

  • Security rooms

However, the super built-up area, does not include the following: 

  • Underground water facilities. 

  • Open swimming pools and skywalks

  • Open sports amenities. 

Occupancy Certificate

An occupancy certificate is the evidence that the building is inhabitable and that its construction is in compliance with all rules and regulations. It is issued by a local government, agency or planning authority. It is the developer of the building who needs to obtain the occupancy certificate. Occupancy certificate needs to be shown at the time of obtaining public utility connections. Typically, a developer applies for an occupancy certificate within 30 days of the completion of the project. The developer or the person applying for an occupation certificate should furnish the following documents: 

  • Project commencement certificate

  • Project completion certificate

  • NOCs for fire and pollution

  • Sanctioned plan of the building. 

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RERA Registration Number

RERA mandates that all real estate developers register under it. RERA registration acts as a stamp of credibility. Once the registration process of RERA registration is complete, the real-estate developers obtain a RERA registration number. This RERA registration number acts as a proof of authenticity that the project is credible and that buyers can put their money in it. 

Floor Space Index

Floor space index, also known as Floor area ratio, is the ratio of the built up area to the total land of the project. Floor space index is important as it indicates the total area that can be built upon a plot of land. The development control regulation department and the building code of India regulate the floor space index. The type of building, which city it is located in and the amenities available in the building are factors taken into account while determining the floor space index. Floor space index helps in maintaining the ratio of open space to closed spaces and helps in sustainable development of cities. 

Leasehold Property

A property which has been taken on lease is a leasehold property. Builders and real-estate developers, build their projects either on leasehold properties or freehold properties. Leasehold properties are typically on lease from 30 to 99 years. Once, the leasehold period gets over, they convert to freehold properties. Buyers prefer freehold properties to leasehold properties, as certain restrictions operate on leased land. 

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Freehold Property

A freehold property absolutely belongs to the owner. The developer may purchase the same form the owner for the purposes of development of the project. Unlike leasehold properties, no statutory approval is required to transfer the ownership of a freehold property. It is easier to get loans for freehold properties and no restrictions are imposed on the same. 

Pre-Launch Properties

You would have heard about pre-launch properties or pre-launch offers. A pre-launch property is a property whose launch has been announced, even before the approval process is underway. Typically, builders solicit offers from customers, who could be old customers or through real-estate agents a discounted prices for pre-launch offers. Such offers and properties attract potential buyers’ attention as they are available at prices lower than the market value. 

These are a few terms or legal jargons which are widely used in the real-estate sector. RERA Act, also uses these terms in its provisions. It is hence, important that you as a customer should know what these jargons mean and make an informed decision, while buying any property. 

People who read this Article also Consulted a Lawyer about RERA Act. 

MSME Registration in India
Startup

MSME Registration in India

What is MSME Registration?

The Micro, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Development Act allows MSMEs in the manufacturing and service sectors to register as MSMEs or SSIs. It is not compulsory to register as an MSME. But, you should still register as it provides several projects benefits such as tax benefits and protection against non-payment. 

 

Who is eligible for MSME Registration? 

Only manufacturers, producers, and service providers must use the MSME tag and register under it. Any manufacturer or service provider who meets the eligibility requirements may use the MSMEs single window registration system to register. The revised eligibility requirements effective from July 1, 2020, are applicable for the three types of Enterprises. This includes Micro Enterprises with Investment up to Rs 1 crore and turnover up to Rs 5 crore, for Small Enterprises with Investment up to Rs 10 crore and turnover up to Rs 50 crore, for Medium Enterprises with investment up to Rs 50 crore and turnover up to Rs 250 crore. Any form of business entity may obtain Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME) registration or Udyog Aadhaar registration. This includes Partnership Firms, Private Limited Companies, Public Limited Companies, Limited Liability Partnerships, Hindu Undivided Families, Self-Help Groups Societies, Co-operative Societies, Trust Others. 

 

Is Registration Compulsory for MSMEs? 

Registration under the MSMED Act is not compulsory for MSMEs and Small Scale Industries (SSIs). But, it is always better to register, because a registered SSI or MSME gets a lot of benefits. The procedure for registering is completely online and is very simple. You require your entity’s name, Aadhaar number, bank account and PAN details. After you fill in your details, a reference number gets generated and you receive your certificate after verification of details. 

 

MSME Registration Certificate

Once you are registered and the process of verification is complete, you will obtain an MSME registration certificate. This certificate is proof that your entity or company is now registered as an MSME. This MSME/SSI registration certificate is valid for your entire lifetime. If you want to get your registration cancelled, you would need to write an application to the nearest Udyog Aadhaar Registration Centre and specify the business and the reasons behind cancelling the registration. 

 

Can an Individual Register for an MSME Registration? 

Anyone who wants to start a micro, small, or medium business may use the Udyam Registration portal to fill out a self-declaration form with no need to upload any records, papers, certificates, or evidence. During MSME registration, business owners must provide correct personal information such as name, Aadhar, industry name, PAN, mobile number, and bank account details. Furthermore, for MSME registration, business owners are not expected to pay any fees. A permanent identification number, known as the Udyam Registration Number, will be given to the entity when it registers. On completion of the registration process, an e-certificate, also known as the Udhyam Registration certificate, will be issued. 

Udyog Aadhaar Memorandum - Online Verification process helps individuals figure whether the MSME’s are registered. With the help of the 12-digit UAM number, verification is possible through the https://udyamregistration.gov.in/UA/UA_VerifyUAM.aspx link.

 

How do I check if a Company is MSME Registered? 

MSME database is available on the website of Udyam registration. You can search if an entity is MSME registered or not by typing the name and product/activity of the MSME. The search yields result by activity/products manufactured. You can then further filter the search to find out of a specific company is MSME registered or not. 

 

Difference between Udyog and MSME registration

Udyog Aadhar is a government registration mechanism that provides the company with a registration certificate and a unique number known as Udyog Aadhar number. This programme is aimed specifically at small and medium-sized businesses. Udyog Aadhar aims to provide companies with the most access to government programs possible. However, on the other hand, The MSMED Act promotes a variety of schemes, subsidies, and benefits to support MSMEs, which are the backbone of the Indian economy. The MSME registration process is required to reap the benefit from governmental schemes, state schemes, and public services, although it is not obligatory. Further, The Udyog Aadhaar Memorandum Scheme, which the central government introduced, allows entities with an Aadhaar number, which is mandatory for MSMEs, to take advantage of easily accessible loans, credit, and government subsidies.

87% People found  Consultation with Lawyer very useful and quick about MSME Registration. 

 

Why is MSME Registration Important? 

MSME Registration is important because: 

  • It identifies medium and small-scale industries and provides them with the assistance which they require to grow and develop. 

  • It provides tax benefits to MSMEs and SSI. 

  • It provides protection against non-payment of dues. 

  • Even individuals and sole proprietorships can obtain an MSME/SSI Registration and hence, it formalizes the business activities being carried at micro, medium and small scale. 

The inception of this sector distinguishes medium enterprises and attempts to combine the three levels of these businesses, namely micro, small, and medium. This structure establishes a legislative consultative process at the national level, with a balanced representation of all stakeholders, especially the three types of businesses, and a broad range of advisory functions. Also, With the help of a policy structure and efficient steps taken by the government, the development of MSMEs in the Indian economy has seen tremendous growth and will continue to flourish at this rate of progress.