Agreement & Contract

Franchise Terms And Conditions In India

LegalKart Editor
LegalKart Editor 06 min read 5614 Views
Last Updated: Oct 27, 2023
Franchise Agreement - Terms and Conditions of a Franchise Business

What is Meant by the Term Franchise?

A franchise (or franchising) is outsourcing one’s brand to enhance distribution. A franchisee has to pay a royalty and/or an initial fee for the right to do business under the franchisor's name and their system. Although technically, the term "franchise" refers to the contract that links the two parties, it is more usually used to refer to the franchisee's actual business.

What are the Terms and Conditions of a Franchise Agreement?

The following are some of the key terms which are generally included in a franchise terms and conditions agreements:

  1. Royalties: A franchise contract spells out a franchisor's royalty structure. The Franchisor imposes terms on a franchisee, such as paying a fixed fee or a % of the benefit to use his brand's name.
  2. Validity Period of Franchise: The validity term specifies how long the franchise agreement will last. The Franchisee learns that he can utilise the Franchisor's brand name to develop his firm for a certain period.
  3. Location Selection: The franchise agreement specifies the territory in which the franchisee will operate. It indicates who owns the trademark and who has the right to use it.
  4. Site Selection: The selection of a site is an important aspect of the service. The Franchisee is expected to name a few locations where the franchisee business will be run, and the Franchisor will then finalise this choice of location for the next step in the process.
  5. Franchise Fee:Every franchise has its own set of fees. These fees include the original franchise fee, recurring franchise fees, royalty fees, and other fees. Late fees and interest are also included in this agreement. Any necessary expenses should also be covered under the contract. For example, the franchisee may be responsible for travel expenditures, training, and other costs.
  6. Operations Support:This outlines all operating requirements that must be followed moving forward. It also specifies what products or services a franchisee can provide or sell. The operational support provision covers all purchases that a franchisee must make before the franchisor.
  7. Training Support: The Franchisor provides training assistance to each Franchisee. It ensures that franchise businesses run smoothly by studying the origins of the main corporation. 
  8. Advertising: The Agreement should set all the Franchisor’s obligations to support the franchisees with advertisement.
  9. Policy Renewal or Cancellation Terms: The franchise agreement's prerequisites and circumstances for renewing or cancelling a franchise agreement are outlined. To protect themselves against illegal conduct or breach, the franchisors also include an arbitration clause.
  10. Trademark: A franchise agreement gives the franchisee the right to use trademarks, the franchisor's name, slogans, logo, service marks, signage and designs, and anything else that has to do with branding.
  11. Non-Disclosure/ Confidentiality: A franchisee is privy to various trade secrets during the franchise agreement, including proprietary formulas and recipes and how the franchisor conducts the business. This information is kept private by the franchisor, who often adds confidentiality terms, deeds, and restraints in the franchise agreement.
  12. Contract Long Term Duration: The franchise agreement specifies the length of time the contract will be in effect. The majority of franchise agreements are for a longer period. Long-term contracts assist both the franchisee and the franchisor to be protected. A franchise agreement is fairly costly, so you should protect your investment by signing a long-term deal. The terms and conditions for renewal are also included in this agreement.
  13. Renewal rights/Termination of Agreement: Some franchisors include a buyback clause in their agreements. It assists them in purchasing it at a suggested price or matching the terms of the business owner's offer. The franchisee will be shown how to extend or terminate the contract in the franchise agreement. Similarly, with the assistance and advice of both parties, the Agreement can be completed with a mutual decision.
  14. Insurance:The franchise agreement will stipulate that the franchisee must maintain particular insurance during the duration of the franchise. In other words, the franchisee must "indemnify, defend, and hold harmless" the franchisor from any claims, such as damages and expenses, arising from the franchisee's activity. 
  15. Other Conditions:All notices must be sent by the Franchise Agreement, and they are presumed to have been properly provided after they are completed and written. In addition, the Franchisor should ensure that all of its employees are covered by worker's compensation insurance.

People Also Read This: Types of Franchise Business Models

Some Common Franchise Terms

Some of the most commonly used franchise terms are:

  • Franchisee- The person or company that gets the right from a franchisor to do business under its trade name or trademark.
  • Franchisor- The person or company grants a franchise the right to do business under their trademark or trade name.
  • Area Development Franchise- A franchisee with an area development franchise has the authority to open more than one unit inside a certain area for a set period.
  • Disclosure Document- A potential franchisee receives a disclosure form from the franchisor. The document includes information about the franchisor, the franchise being provided, and the terms and conditions of the franchisee's legal relationship.
  • Initial Investment- The money needed for a new franchisee to open and operate a store for at least three months. This must include all "starting" costs, but it is not always indicative of ultimate investment.
  • Master Franchise- The franchisee has more rights under a master franchise agreement than an area development agreement. The master franchisee, in addition to having the right and obligation to open and operate a specified number of units in a defined area, also can sell sub-franchises to other people inside the territory.
  • Multi-unit Franchise- A multi-unit franchise agreement is one in which the franchisor allows a franchisee to open and operate more than one unit.
  • Single-unit Franchise- A single-unit franchise agreement is one in which the franchisor offers a franchisee the right to open and run one franchise location. This is the most basic and popular sort of franchise.

Franchise agreements are complex and it is pertinent to know the terms and conditions commonly used to draft a good franchise agreement.

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