Land Patta Registration is the evidence of your Land Ownership

LegalKart Editor
LegalKart Editor 04 min read 20574 Views
Last Updated: Dec 23, 2023
Land Patta document is also called the ‘Record of Rights’ and acts as evidence of land ownership. Know about important points and types of Patta bhumi registration.

Land patta is often seen as a hard subject to understand. The current or future owner(s) of a piece of land must know what documents they need to have when buying or selling it. Recently, we've been talking about several important things about who owns a piece of land (s). In this post, we'll try to give you more information about one of these important documents that proves you legally own a piece of land. The "land patta" is a very important document that we are talking about.

1. What is a Land Patta?

It is an important document issued by a competent authority (generally, the tehsildar) of the Government of India that includes the full name and other related details (size and type of the land) of the legal owner of the land parcel. This document is also called the ‘record of rights’ and acts as evidence of land ownership, typically in cases of encroachment of land. Having this document is very important, especially in the land deals, as the land patta document specifies the name of the individual or person that is registered with the tehsildar’s office as the owner of the land parcel.


2. Important points to note related to patta registration are:

  • Registration patta is a legal document, also sometimes referred to as the land deed

  • One-time patta registration is required with the tehsildar office

  • Person holding a registered government patta is also termed as pattadar

  • No renewal is required after registration of patta is done in a particular owner’s name

  • Renewal of patta document can only be done when the piece of land under consideration is sold or transferred (by will, succession, or gift) to someone else

  • Patta is also needed when government acquires land for industrialization or development under orders of the honorable courts

  • Patta may generally be obtained on a nominal fee basis that may vary from state to state

  • Term ‘patta’ is mostly used in India and in some neighboring countries

  • Onus of initiating land patta registration process and getting the patta registration details updated in government records lies on the land owner and not on the government authorities or any other party


3.  Land Patta Types that require a government patta registration are:

  • Unconstructed plot(s) of land(s)

  • Land parcel(s) with construction

  • Piece of land(s) where the owner does not visit frequently

People Also Read This: Land Ownership Certificate indicates the actual Title of Ownership


4. How can the owner get patta bhumi registration done?

The registration process is fairly simple but may vary from one state to another. However, the general process of patta chitta registration is as follows:

  • The owner needs to file an application in the prescribed format with the office of the Tehsildar of his or her district.

  • With the advent of technology, the process of filing patta registration has also been automated. In today’s times, the owner of the land can file the application for patta registration online as well. However, it is important to note that there are only limited states, for the time being, that provides online patta registration facility to land owners.

  • The application form, in other words also called as patta registration form, for issuance of patta may vary from state to state and generally asks for details of the owner of the land parcel, size of land, location and type of land (residential, commercial or agricultural).

  • The application form may need to be submitted along with some additional documents, such as, owner’s identity proof, aadhaar card, etc. as per government norms for processing of application.

  • A designated officer from the office of the Tehsildar visits the land for survey and inspection on receiving the land patta registration application.

  • On successful completion of the inspection, the patta registration is granted to the owner of the piece of land. The inspector, however, reserves the right to reject the application as well.

  • The patta registration certificate can be issued in hardcopy form and may come in English as well as regional languages. It can also be issued in softcopy format, wherever the facility is available.

  • An important point to note here is that the same process may apply for transfer of registration of land patta to a new owner of the land parcel.

People Also Read This: Land & Property Registration: All You Need To Know

Latest Supreme Court judgement (2023) on Transfer of Ownership of Property through Sale Deed. (DOWNLOAD the judgement from Below)

Once a Sale Deed has been executed by the parties involved, duly registered with the appropriate authorities, and coupled with the delivery of possession and payment of consideration, it is considered a complete transfer of ownership. This means that the title to the property passes from the seller to the buyer, and the buyer becomes the rightful owner of the property. The Sale Deed is a legal document that serves as proof of the transaction and includes details such as the identity of the parties, the description of the property, the sale price, and any other relevant terms and conditions. The registration of the Sale Deed with the appropriate authorities is a crucial step in the transfer of ownership, as it ensures that the transaction is recorded in a public register and the buyer's ownership is legally recognized. Hon'ble Supreme Court clarified that: where a deed of sale had been duly executed and registered, its delivery and payment of consideration have been endorsed thereon it would amount to a full transfer of ownership so as to entitle its purchaser to maintain a suit for possession of the property sold”. 


5. Conclusion

Those who read this Article also Consulted a Lawyer about Patta Registration process.  

No matter if you already own the land or if you just bought it, the patta registration certificate is still the most important legal document that proves you own the land. As the owner of the land, it's important that you do the right things to register it. Also, the new owner may need to start the transfer process as soon as he or she gets the land through a sale, inheritance, will, or gift. Charges may be needed to get the patta registration registered or transferred, depending on what the state government says.

In India, there is a lot of digitization going on, so state governments are trying to make it easier for land owners to register their patta, transfer their patta, and check their patta. The goal is to make the process easier, more comfortable, and less of a bother.

Supreme Court Judgement.

Download Judgement

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