Property Tax in Bangalore Step by Step Guide Legalkart

Property Tax in Bangalore Step by Step Guide Legalkart

LegalKart Editor
LegalKart Editor
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Last Updated: May 17, 2024

Introduction to Property Tax in Bangalore

Paying property tax is like giving back to the city of Bangalore. It's the money we all chip in to help run our city smoothly. Think of it as helping fund things like the roads we drive on, the parks we play in, and keeping our neighborhoods safe. In Bangalore, if you own a place, big or small, paying property tax is something you need to mark on your calendar. The Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) is the team in charge of collecting this tax. They use a formula that considers the location and size of your property to figure out how much you owe. It might sound complicated, but it's pretty straightforward once you get the hang of it. Remember, paying your property tax not only helps our city but staying on top of it means you avoid those annoying late fees. So, consider it part of being a responsible member of the Bangalore community.

 

Understanding the Basics of Property Tax

Property tax is something every property owner in Bangalore needs to pay. It's a tax imposed by the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) on the owners of properties within its jurisdiction. The amount you pay depends on several factors including the location of your property, its size, and its usage (whether it's residential or commercial). To calculate your property tax, BBMP uses a formula that combines the property's area, its built-up area, the usage, the occupancy status (whether it's self-occupied or rented out), and the age of the property. There are two main methods for calculating property tax in Bangalore: the Unit Area Value System (UAV) for most properties and the Capital Value System (CVS) for certain properties. The Unit Area Value system is another variant of the earlier Annual Rateable Value (ARV) system. While the ARV was based on the expected rent from the property, the Unit Area Value is based on the expected returns from the property depending on the location and usage of the property. Since the unit of calculation is based on per square foot per month (UNIT) and for a particular location, street, (AREA) and multiplied by a rate (VALUE), this method of assessment of property is called “Unit Area Value” method. This is the same method adopted in the optional SAS during the year 2000 and also in the year 2008-09.   The jurisdiction of BBMP has been classified into 6 value zones based on the published guidance value of the Department of Stamps and Registration. Separate appendix to the handbook containing the zone classifications has been  published. The zone classification is also hosted in our website www.bbmp.gov.in or directly at hhtp://bbmptax.karnataka.gov.in 

 

How Property Tax is Calculated in Bangalore

In Bangalore, the formula for calculating property tax might seem complicated at first, but it's pretty straightforward once you get the hang of it. The Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) uses a formula that combines three main components - the area of your property, the usage of your property (whether it's residential or commercial), and its location. Here’s the basic breakdown:

First, the BBMP classifies properties into six zones, from A to F, based on the locality's market value. Your property's zone affects the tax rate. Next, the tax is calculated based on the property's built-up area and the unit area value per square foot, which varies depending on whether the property is used for residential or commercial purposes.

The formula looks like this: Property Tax = (Built-up area x Unit area value per sq ft x (20% for residential or 25% for commercial)) + Cess (24% of property tax).

Don't forget, there are also rebates if you pay your property tax early or if you're using your property for residential purposes only. Moreover, properties used for self-occupation get a lower rate than those which are rented out.

Understanding this formula can help you roughly calculate your property tax in Bangalore. Remember, paying your property tax on time helps avoid penalties, so it’s good to keep on top of these calculations!

 

How do we calculate the built up area?

The definition of  built up area under Rule (2) (vi) is reproduced:  “Built up area” means total area covered by building or high rise buildings above the plinth level, and including all covered area like basement, mezzanine flooring, balcony whether covered or not; garage area, constructed boundary of swimming pool, fuel storage tanks constructed underground or above the ground, storage of merchandise in open space like timber, granite, bricks etc, stilts meant for parking and telecommunication and other towers and hoardings erected on the surface or top or any other open space of land or building but does not include,-  (a) court yard at the ground level, garden, rocky area, well and well structures, plant, nursery platform around a tree, overhead water tank, fountain, bench with open top and the like; (b) drainage, culvert, conduit, catch-pit, gully pit, chamber gutter and the like; (c) compound or boundary wall, chejja, uncovered staircase, watchman booth/pump house not exceeding three-square meters and sump tank. 

 

Step by Step Guide to Paying Your Property Tax

Paying your property tax in Bangalore is straightforward. First, you need to visit the official BBMP (Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike) website. Here, you'll find the option to pay your property tax. You'll need your Property Identification Number (PID) or SAS Base Application number. If you don't have these, your property's Khatha number will work too.

Step 1: Enter your PID, SAS number, or Khatha number in the provided field. This helps the system locate your property details.

Step 2: Your property details will appear on the screen. Verify all the information to make sure everything is accurate. If there are discrepancies, get them corrected before proceeding.

Step 3: Choose the payment option. You can pay your tax using a credit card, debit card, or through net banking. Some people prefer visiting their local BBMP office to pay in person. That's an option too.

Step 4: Once the payment is successful, you'll receive a receipt. Keep this receipt safe. It's your proof of payment.

Remember, paying your property tax is not only your duty as a responsible citizen but also helps in the development of our Bangalore. Late payments can lead to penalties, so it's best to pay before the due date. The BBMP occasionally offers rebates for early payments, so keep an eye out for those. Happy tax-paying!

 

Online vs Offline Payment Methods

In Bangalore, you can pay your property tax either offline or online. Both ways work, but they cater to different preferences. Let's break it down simply. Online payment is for you if you like convenience. Just sit at your computer or use your mobile, go to the BBMP's official website, and follow the steps to pay. It saves you time and the hassle of standing in queues. You'll also get an e-receipt immediately, which is easy to save and track. On the flip side, offline payment is there if you're more traditional or not too keen on internet transactions. For this, you visit authorized banks or BBMP help centers. You fill out the forms and pay in cash, cheque, or demand draft. It takes more time and effort, but if you prefer human interaction or have doubts that officials can clear on the spot, it's a solid choice. So, whether you lean towards the ease of online payments or the reassurance of offline methods, Bangalore has you covered.

 

Documents Required for Property Tax Payment

When paying property tax in Bangalore, having the right documents handy makes the process smoother. Here's what you'll need: your previous year's tax paid receipt, since it's crucial for reference; the assigned Property Identification Number (PID) or Khata number, which is like an identity for your property in municipal records; any proof of property ownership, like a sale deed, which confirms you legally own the property; and, if applicable, details of any changes to the property, say constructions or modifications done since the last assessment. Importantly, a completed application form, which you can often find on the municipality's website, is a must. With these documents, you're set to tackle property tax payment without unnecessary delays or hitches.

 

How to Avail Property Tax Rebates

Bangalore offers property tax rebates to those who pay their dues early. Mainly, if you clear your tax within the first month of the assessment year, you can pocket a 5% discount. This makes early payment a smart move. Now, if you're a senior citizen, there's more good news. You're entitled to a reduction in your property tax bill, which varies according to the municipal corporation's rules. Owning a property that's used for residential purposes rather than commercial also qualifies you for a lower tax rate. Remember, the type of your property and its usage significantly affect your taxes. To snag these rebates, ensure your property details are updated and accurate in the municipal records. Mistakes here could mean missing out on the discounts you're eligible for. Dive into the municipal corporation's website, watch for deadlines, and make your move early. Be smart, act fast, and save money on your property tax in Bangalore.

 

Dealing with Property Tax Notices and Disputes

When you get a property tax notice from the Bangalore Municipal Corporation, there are a few key things to do. First, check the details carefully. Mistakes are common, and they can be about the size of your property, its classification, or even the tax amount. If you spot an error, don't sit on it. Bangalore has a system for disputes and corrections. You can file an objection, but remember, there's a deadline. Also, go armed with evidence. This means having your property documents, photos, or even previous tax receipts that prove your point. Most disputes are about the tax amount or property classification, but they can get settled if you follow the process. Last tip? Act fast. The longer you wait, the harder it gets to solve these issues.

Importance of Timely Payment and Its Benefits

Paying your property tax on time in Bangalore brings several benefits and avoids potential headaches. First off, you sidestep late fees and penalties, which can add up and make your tax bill heavier than needed. On time payment also keeps you in the clear with the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP), ensuring you avoid legal issues or unnecessary visits from city officials. What's more, staying on schedule with your payments can lead to rewards. The BBMP often offers perks for early taxpayers, such as discounts. This means you not only clear your dues but save money in the process. Regular payment boosts your credibility, making it easier for you to apply for loans or sell your property since all financial dealings are up-to-date. In essence, timely payment of your property tax in Bangalore simplifies your life, keeps your finances healthy, and can even be lighter on your wallet.

Conclusion

Paying property tax in Bangalore might seem like a complicated task, but it's quite straightforward once you understand the process. Remember, timely payment keeps you away from penalties and keeps your property legal. The amount varies based on factors like the property's location, size, and usage. To ensure you don't overpay or underpay, use the official BBMP calculator. You can pay online or offline according to your convenience. Always keep a record of your receipts and documents. If you face issues, don't hesitate to reach out to BBMP's helpdesk. So, breathe easy. With this step-by-step guide, you're all set to tackle your property tax without any hiccups.

 

Frequently Asked Question for Property Tax in Bangalore

 

1. What is Unit Area Value and how is it different from the Annual Rateable Value (ARV)?

The Unit Area Value system is a modified version of the earlier Annual Rateable Value (ARV) system. While ARV was based on the expected rent from the property, the Unit Area Value is calculated based on the expected returns from the property, considering its location and usage. The calculation is done per square foot per month (UNIT) for a specific location and street (AREA), and then multiplied by a rate (VALUE). This method of property assessment is known as the "Unit Area Value" method and was used in the optional Self-Assessment Scheme (SAS) in 2000 and 2008-09.

2. Should I include the area of a car parked in an open veranda or under the portico of my residential house when calculating the property tax?

No, you don't need to include the area of a car parked in open spaces, including verandas or under the portico, when calculating the built-up area of your residential house for property tax purposes.

3. When calculating the property tax for an apartment, should I consider the super built-up area or the carpet area?

To ensure objectivity in measurement, you should consider the area mentioned in the schedule of the sale deed, as it serves as irrefutable evidence. Using the carpet area can lead to interpretation issues between the taxpayer and BBMP, so it's best to avoid it. However, the total area should not be less than the area mentioned in the occupancy certificate.

4. My apartment's sale deed includes the stilt car park area but doesn't mention it separately. How can I calculate the car park area for property tax purposes?

In such cases, you can measure the car park area separately and deduct it from the total area mentioned in the schedule of the sale deed. The car park area is charged at 50% of the rate prescribed for the zone and occupancy status (tenanted or owner-occupied).

5. Where do I pay the Property Tax in Bangalore?

If you have already paid the tax and have a base SAS application number for the year 2008-09 or later, you can retrieve your old application in BBMP website www.bbmp.gov.in by submitting your base SAS application number in the place prescribed in the retrieved application in  any of the BBMP Help Centers,  Citizen Service Center or 171 Canara bank Branches in jurisdictional area. If any changes are made in the structure of the property necessary additions or deletions are to be made in the application. Once the entries are complete, you can generate a challan. This challan along with return has to be used for the payment of property tax in any of the Canara bank branches in jurisdictional area only.   

 

6. How should I calculate excess vacant land for tax?

Excess vacant land means area of vacant land in excess of three times the plinth area of the building by excluding the plinth area. The following illustration shows how to calculate excess vacant land:  Total area of the land: 5000 sft.  Deduct plinth area   800 sft: 4200 sft Excess vacant land = 3 times the plinth area minus plinth area. Therefore 4200 sft minus 2400 sft =1800 sft is excess vacant. For 1800 sft calculate the rate for the zone as prescribed in category XIII.  

 

7. For what all transactions is the tax paid receipt compulsory?

Tax paid receipt is compulsory for some of these transactions.

1. For the registration of properties in sub registrar‟s office.

2. For obtaining katha certificate from BBMP.

3.  For obtaining plan sanction from any competent authority. 4. For obtaining trade licence in BBMP limits. 

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