GST Rate on Real Estate & Flat Purchase

LegalKart Editor
LegalKart Editor 03 min read 1519 Views
Last Updated: Feb 08, 2024
GST on house purchase & real estate in 2023

One of the key economic sectors in every nation is real estate, particularly in India, where it has recently attracted attention.  There are various types of real estate transactions. 

The following types of transactions can occur in the real estate industry:

  • The provision of immovable (commercial and residential) properties before completion.

  • After completion, supply of immovable properties (commercial and residential).

  • The sale of residential, commercial, or agricultural land.

  • The sale of property rights (e.g. TDR, FSI)

Real Estate GST Rates until March 31, 2019

  • Affordable housing projects are subject to a 12% tax (before deducting a third of the land value), making the effective rate 8% with the input tax credit.

  • Other than Affordable Housing Projects, the rate is 18% (before taking a third of the land value into account), making the effective rate 12% with the input tax credit.


Affordable housing is defined as dwellings that fall under the current central and state housing programs as listed in appropriate government notification. 


GST rates for real estate beginning on or after April 1, 2019, following rate revisions for residential units are suggested in the 33rd GST Council meeting of 24.02.2019 and are finalized in the 34th GST Council meeting of 19.03.19, both of which are applicable from 01.04.2019:

  • GST at 1.5% (effective rate: 1% after subtracting land costs) without ITC for reasonably priced residential apartments.

  • GST at 7.5% (effective rate 5% after subtracting Land Cost) without ITC for residential units other than affordable residential apartments

  • Other than some properties, which will be subject to GST at 5%, commercial properties would be subject to GST at 12% with ITC.


Affordable housing is defined as a residential home or apartment with a value of up to Rs. 45 lacs (for both metropolitan and non-metropolitan cities) and a carpet area of up to 90 square meters in non-metropolitan cities/towns and 60 square meters in metropolitan areas.


  • New rates will be optional for projects that are currently underway.

  • New rates that have been proposed will be applicable to any new developments. New Projects indicates those starting after March 31, 2019.

Option in regard to active projects

One-time option to continue paying tax at the old rates that must be exercised once within a prescribed time frame. If the option is not exercised by the specified deadline, new rates will be applied. The option must be exercised once within the specified time frame.


  • All homes that comply with the GSTC's definition of an affordable home (90 square meters in non-metropolitan areas and 60 square meters in metro areas, with a value up to Rs. 45 lakhs), as well as affordable homes being built in ongoing projects under the current federal and state housing programs (such as the Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana or Housing for All by 2022), will be eligible for the new rate of GST at 1.5% (effective rate 1% after deducting Land Cost.

  • Construction of the following shall be subject to the new rate of GST @ 7.5% (Effective rate 5% after subtracting Land Cost), without the benefit of an input tax credit.

  • Any homes in active projects that are not affordable, whether they were reserved before or after April 1, 2019.

  • For homes reserved before April 1, 2019, the revised rate will be available for payments due on or after that date. All residences in new projects other than those that are inexpensive.

  • In a residential real estate project (RREP), commercial apartments, such as stores, offices, etc., must make up no more than 15% of the total carpet area of all the flats.

Effect of choosing the new tax rates on ongoing projects eligible for the Transitional Credit:

According to the press release of March 19th, 2019, transitional credits are as follows:


In order to transfer the ITC in accordance with the recommended procedure, ongoing projects (buildings where construction and booking both had started before 01.04.2019) and had not been completed by 31.03.2019 must:

  • For residential projects, the transition formula approved by the GST Council extrapolates the ITC taken for the percentage of construction completion as of 01.04.2019 to arrive at the ITC for the complete project.

  • ITC eligibility is then established based on the percentages of flats that have been reserved and invoiced. Therefore, the transition would be on a pro-rata basis based on a straightforward formula, with the availability of credit in proportion to the booking of the flat and the invoicing completed for the booked flat subject to a few protections.

  • For a mixed-use project, the transition period must additionally provide ITC on a pro-rata basis in proportion to the carpet area of the commercial section in continuing developments (on which tax will be payable at 12% with ITC even after 1.4.2019).


The following requirements must be met in order for the new tax rates of 1% (on affordable housing construction) and 5% (on non-affordable housing) to be available:

  • The input tax credit shall not be available, 

  • At least 80% of inputs and input services shall be purchased from registered persons. For calculating this threshold, the value of services by way of grant of development rights, long-term lease of land, floor space index, or the value of electricity, high-speed diesel, motor spirit and natural gas used in the construction of residential apartments in a project shall be excluded.


To conclude, the GST, under-construction properties are subject to a single rate of 12%, whereas completed or ready-to-sale properties are exempt from GST provided that the Completion Certificate (CC) has been issued. The tax rates on residential properties were reduced by the GST Council in March 2019 from 12% to 5%, and from 8% to 1% for the affordable housing category. The new tax rate regime, however, will not allow for ITC benefits. 

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